Most countries have strict regulations when it comes to transporting heavy loads. Carting heavy cargo requires strong restraints to prevent items from falling off of moving vehicles, trucks or ships.
Restraints have to be durable and secure at all times to ensure the safety of the crew and the people around the transportation vessel. So what do cargo companies use to secure their loads? For heavy and light duty transportation, they use ratchet straps.
Ratchet straps can be used for any type of moving project. If you’d like to know more about ratchet straps and how they can make short work of transporting heavy loads, take a look at this short and informative guide below.
What are Ratchet Straps?
Ratchet straps, also known as lashing straps, are durable fasteners used to secure cargo on the back of moving vessels. The straps are made with a specific type of webbing to prevent them from snapping or tearing during transportation.
The ratchet straps have fixed endings that allow you to tighten and loosen the straps easily. The fixed endings also lock the straps in place eliminating the need to fasten the straps using knots.
3 Types of Ratchet Straps
1. 25mm Ratchet Straps
The 25mm ratchet strap is known as the light duty application and is typically used to secure household goods on the back of open trucks. These straps are 25mm in width and made with quality polyester that won’t stretch, melt or tear even in the harshest of weather conditions.
Even though the 25mm ratchet strap is a light duty application it can secure loads of up to 750kg. You can secure the following items using 25mm ratchet straps:
- Queen sized beds
- Large freezers
- Washing machines
2. The 50mm Ratchet Strap
50mm ratchet straps are more secure than the 25mm applications. These straps are made with webbed polyester that’s robust so they won’t snap or tear when transporting cargo. The straps are 50mm in width and come with a variety of lengths.
You can use the 50mm ratchet straps to transport cargo with a weight of 2500kg. The types of cargo you can transport with 50mm ratchet straps are:
- Glass panels
- Paving stones
3. The 75mm Ratchet Strap
75mm width ratchet straps are designed for loads of up to 5000kg. They’re made with a durable polyester weave to ensure the durability and stability of the straps. The 75mm strap comes with a more secure fixed ending to hold heavy cargo tightly in place.
The 75mm ratchet straps can be used to transport cars, construction vehicles and large shipping containers.
How to Use a Ratchet Strap
Take the end of your strap and thread it through your mandrel. Double the strap over and thread it back over the middle section of the mandrel to take out the excess slack. Crank your ratchet a few times to tighten the strap until you reach your preferred tension and lock it down into place.
To release the strap simply open the ratchet and pull the strap back out.
Next, place your ratchet strap over your cargo and hook the ends to the sides of your truck which will secure your load in place. You’re now ready to transport your cargo securely.
What are Ratchet Straps Made of?
As mentioned before ratchet straps are made with polyester. This is because polyester doesn’t stretch so it won’t compromise the security of your load. The polyester material is also exceptionally durable and weather resistant so it won’t tear during transportation.
The Importance of Ratchet End Fittings
Ratchet straps have hooks on the end so when you’re done securing the straps over your cargo you can place the hooks into a truck bed to secure the cargo in place.
When using a rope to secure your cargo, you have to tie the applications to your transportation vehicle using knots which can take a lot of time. Hooks make for a faster turnaround time. These hooks are designed to fasten and undo the straps as quickly as possible and to ensure they’re tight around the cargo.
Ratchet Strap Labels
You might be unaware of the importance of the label on your ratchet strap. You should always make sure your cargo ratchet straps have readable labels stitched on the applications. The labels give you all the information about your ratchet straps at first glance.
On your label you’ll find the following safety information:
- Webbing material
- Lashing capacity
- Tension force
- Length of the strap
- Production date
If you don’t see a label on your ratchet strap it will be deemed an unsafe and illegal restraint device. Always check your label to see how much weight your strap can secure and if it’s made from durable materials.
If you’re in the transportation industry and you’ve been using a rope to secure your loads, perhaps it’s time to upgrade to ratchet straps. They’re versatile safety tools to have for work and for the home.
Ensure you buy your ratchet straps from a company that offers quality applications as you don’t want to compromise the safety of the people around you when transporting goods.
Be a professional and get ready to start moving your cargo more securely. Do you have any other tips for people in your industry?