Professional welders have long used welding gases, which has become the standard for commercial and industrial use. These gases are used for all welding projects on every job site because of their significant benefits and advantages. This is why it is of the utmost importance that beginner welders know about them.
Welding gases play a huge role in a welding project; without them, the weld quality will undoubtedly suffer. However, despite the importance of these gases, some welders are not aware of their purpose and details. If you are going to work on a welding project soon, here are some essential things you need to know regarding welding gases.
What Exactly Are Welding Gases?
According to an article by National Geographic, indoor or outdoor air contains natural gases, such as oxygen, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, and some forms of water vapour. And although these gases are essential for living things, such as humans, animals, and plants, they are quite harmful to welding projects.
The process of heating metal through welding creates a molten weld or molten metal. During this stage, a molten weld exposed to natural gases in the air atmosphere can create different problems, such as increased porosity and excessive spatter. This leads to a low-quality weld that might not be durable, which can affect your project’s structural integrity.
Fortunately, welding gases provide a solution. Welding gases protect the molten weld from being exposed to nitrogen, oxygen, and other natural gases. This prevents oxidation and contamination that can cause damage to molten metal.
What are the Categories of Welding Gases?
There are several kinds of gases that are used for welding, but they ultimately fall into two categories, which include the following:
Inert Gases. These gases are also called “noble” gases. They are characterised by being colourless, non-chemically reactive, and odourless. Examples of this category of welding gas include helium and argon.
Semi-Inert Gases. Semi-inert gases are known for their low reactivity, which can help in improving weld quality. They can either be used pure or as a blend. Blend gases are a combination of different gases. Semi-inert gases include hydrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and nitrogen.
What is Argon Welding Gas?
Argon gas is a by-product of air reduction processes that are used to create oxygen. Argon as a welding gas is perfect for shielding molten welds in deep grooves or the flat position. It is one of the most suitable gases for alternating current usage and longer arcs at low voltages. Argon gas is commonly used with aluminium and other nonferrous metals.
What is Hydrogen Welding Gas?
Hydrogen is another common gas that is used for welding. It is commonly used in combination with other inert and semi-inert gases. Hydrogen welding gas is preferred by professionals who want to deepen their penetration while welding and increase speed. Hydrogen can do this because it can raise arc temperature and narrow it.
Welding gases are essential components of any welding project, and if you don’t use them, you should not expect to produce a quality weld. This is why if you have just started with welding, it would be best that you use gases, to ensure the quality of work and safety. Check out a reputable provider of gases for welding today, and improve your welding process immediately.
Author Bio: Hannah Gilbert is a freelance writer who offers ghostwriting, copywriting, and blogging services. She works closely with B2C and B2B businesses providing digital marketing content that gains social media attention and increases their search engine visibility.